Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a declaration outlining basic human rights ratified by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, and after adoption by a sufficient number of nations in 1976 became international law. The UDHR is seen as an "International Bill of Rights."

Rights given by UDHR

Some provisions under the UDHR:[1]

  • Nondiscrimination
  • Life
  • Liberty and security of person
  • Protection against slavery
  • Protection against torture
  • Legal personality
  • Equal protection of the law
  • Legal remedy
  • Protection against arbitrary arrest, detention, or exile
  • Access to independent and impartial tribunal
  • Presumption of innocence
  • Protection against ex post facto laws
  • Privacy
  • Freedom of movement
  • Nationality
  • Marry and found a family
  • Protection and assistance of families
  • Marriage only with free consent of spouses
  • Equal rights of men and women in marriage
  • Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion
  • Freedom of opinion and expression
  • Freedom of assembly
  • Freedom of association
  • Participation in government
  • Social security
  • Work
  • Just and favorable conditions of work
  • Trade unions
  • Rest and leisure
  • Adequate standard of living
  • Education
  • Participation in cultural life
  • Self-determination
  • Protection of and assistance to children
  • Freedom from hunger
  • Health
  • Asylum
  • Property
  • Compulsory primary education
  • Humane treatment when deprived of liberty
  • Protection against imprisonment for a debt
  • Expulsion of aliens only by law
  • Prohibition of war propaganda and incitement to discrimination
  • Minority culture


  1. Donnelly, Jack. Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice. London:Cornell University Press, (2003). Print.
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