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Poverty – main cause to achievement gaps in Connecticut

Numbers are showing that people living below the poverty line their lack of income is greatly impacting their child’s academic progress. Statistics showed that Connecticut in 2007 was at a 10.6 percent poverty rate approximately 85,000 kids and our largest cities were who were occupying a majority of those children (Carpenter). One of the results of living in poverty is that many children are lacking proper childcare, which can delay a child’s growth and development. Studies have shown that children raised in a low-income house are exposed to one-third the amount of words as those raised in affluent households (Carpenter). Which as a result slows down a child’s ability to learn in reading and writing courses. With such high numbers of poverty in our Inner cities it is a on going problem.

Reference

Carpenter, John. "Poverty's The Problem — Not Teachers." Courant.com. Hartford Courant, 18 Mar. 2012. Web. 09 Apr. 2012. <http://www.courant.com/news/opinion/hc-op-carpenter-relieving-poverty-key-to-closing-e-20120318,0,6650853.story>.

Contents

Poverty

The state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support; condition of being poor.

Minimum Wage and Poverty

"It's official: There are now more poor people in America than at any other time in the 52 years records have been kept. We knew that the 2010 poverty numbers, released by the Census Bureau on Sept. 13, weren't going to be good. They turned out to be, in the words of Brookings senior fellow Ron Haskins, "extraordinarily bad." More than 15% of Americans live below the poverty line. The total rose for the fourth consecutive year. For a family of four, poverty means scraping by on roughly $22,000 a year." (desdemona)

The minimum wage in America does not provide a worker with enough money to make ends meet. The minimum wage problem was outllined properly in Nickle and Dimed by Barbara Ehrenreich. In Nickle and Dimed Barbara decides to seperate herself from her life as a Author and to get a job making minimum wage and see if she can "make ends meet." Throughout the book she is faced with impoverished living and eating siuations because she is not making enough money at her mimimum wage jobs.

references:

Foroohar, Rana. "Desdemona Despair." The Truth about the U.S. Poverty Crisis. 26 Sept. 2011. Web. 11 Apr. 2012. <http://www.desdemonadespair.net/2011/12/truth-about-us-poverty-crisis.html>.

Poverty in Hong Kong

Hong Kong is one of the richest cities in the world today, but poverty is one of the biggest problems facing Hong-Kong. With a Gini coefficient that measures income inequality is the worse in Asia of 53.3. Out of the 7 million people living with an average income per capita of almost US $30,000, 1.2 million live below the poverty line in Hong Kong.

A 2011 survey by the UK found that the city’s top selling properties would be going for around $10,550 per square foot. Hong Kong has become one the most expensive cities to live, with some of the highest rents, over London and New York. This wealth gap has created these “coffin homes” that people are forced to live in with their low monthly salary and rising real-estate prices. They consist of 15 foot squared rooms that have just barely enough room for a bed. Even these “coffin homes” over the past have increased in cost by 20%. There are more than 300,000 people in Hong Kong waiting for public housing that will not be getting it anytime soon

Sources

Gottlieb, Benjamin. "Hong Kong's Poorest Living in 'coffin Homes'" CNN. Cable News Network, 26 July 2011. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://www.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/asiapcf/07/25/hongkong.coffin.homes/index.html>.

Pilling, David. "Poverty Blights the Dream of Hong Kong." Columnists. 17 Mar. 2010. Web. 15 Apr. 2012. <http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/f7f9bdfc-3204-11df-a8d1-00144feabdc0.html#axzz1sIx2U0aM>.

The World Factbook 2009. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, <2009.https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html>.

Rural Poverty in Ghana

Ghana is widely known as having one of West Africa’s most reduced poverty rate in the region over the years. Ghana’s political parties are cooperative to take initiatives to reduce poverty. Ghana’s attempt to reduce poverty has proven to be successful. Since 1991, Ghana’s poverty rate has decreased by almost 50%. Although, there’s a fine line between rural and urban poverty statistics. About 40% of rural Ghana are poor, while shockingly only 10% of urban Ghana are living under the poverty line. Although, the poverty line definition can vary form country to country. So, when analyzing or comparing poverty statistics may require more research about each country. It is generally accepted that wealthier nations have higher standards then poorer nations ((http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=gh&v=69))). One of the major reasons why Ghana’s economy has been constantly improving, is due to the agriculture sector. Ghana’s agricultural sectors accounts for about 1/3 of the country’s GDP, and is comprised of a very large workforce. The agriculture sector involves many labor-intensive jobs and traditional ways of growing food. Rural Ghana has been experiencing difficulties in addressing their poverty issues. The main reason is due to the severely dry climate in the savannah region which covers over half the northern part of the country. Northern Ghana has very difficult weather conditions, making economic advancement nearly impossible to solve. Food availability in the north has been a continuous problem Ghana has yet to solve. Until Ghana can find a solution, it’s poverty rates in the north will stay stable. Northern conditions are so severe that the poverty rate can be found to be up to 3 times the national average. Ghana is also lacking in technological advancement. Ghana does not have access to the highly-efficient technologies most first world countries do. This makes production, processing, storage and transportation of goods a much more difficult task to handle. Daily necessities such as drinking water, social services, paved roads and telephone services are hard to come by. Ghana has a lacking infrastructure, and needs to take steps to improve their living conditions ((http://www.ruralpovertyportal.org/web/guest/country/home/tags/ghana)). The World Bank employs the Atlas method to determine the size of world economies by Gross National Income. According to this metric, Ghana has experienced rapid growth since year 2000. We must compare the Gross National Income data against the measures which will indicate the mitigating effects of growth on poverty and equality.

Poverty in the US

Another 2.6 million people have joined poverty last year. Compared to other countries the average citizen in the US is far better off than citizens all over the world. Most Americans are proud of our economic system believing that it gives opportunity for all to have a good life. In 1998 a family of four with an average income of less than $16,350 was considered to be living in poverty. The percentage of people in poverty has been declining; 22.5 percent in 1959, 11.4 percent in 1978 and last year it’s been the highest level since 1993 at 15.1 percent. But then again the poverty line has increased to $22,314 in 2010 for family of four. Inequality in the US has grown in the past decade. If we broke down the entire population’s income into quintiles, 50 percent of the GDP produced is by less than 20% of the population. Breaking it down into race, minorities always seem to have the higher poverty rate. Blacks at 27 percent, Hispanics at 26 percent, Asians at 12.1 percent and whites at only 9.9 percent lived in poverty. Joblessness is the main thing pushing Americans into Poverty, more recently President Obama has tried to pass job bills in order to reduce the amount of Americans in poverty.

Tavernise, Sabrina. "Soaring Poverty Casts Spotlight on ‘Lost Decade’." The New York Times. 13 Sept. 2011. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/14/us/14census.html?_r=1&pagewanted=all>.

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