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Rural Poverty in Ghana

Ghana is widely known as having one of West Africa's most reduced poverty rates in the region over the years. Ghana’s political parties are cooperative to take initiatives to reduce poverty. Ghana’s attempt to reduce poverty has proven to be successful. Since 1991, Ghana’s poverty rate has decreased by almost 50%. Although, there’s a fine line between rural and urban poverty statistics. About 40% of rural Ghana are poor, while shockingly only 10% of urban Ghana are living under the poverty line. Although, the poverty line definition can vary form country to country. So, when analyzing or comparing poverty statistics may require more research about each country. It is generally accepted that wealthier nations have higher standards then poorer nations[1]. One of the major reasons why Ghana’s economy has been constantly improving, is due to the agriculture sector. Ghana’s agricultural sectors accounts for about 1/3 of the country’s GDP, and is comprised of a very large workforce. The agriculture sector involves many labor-intensive jobs and traditional ways of growing food. Rural Ghana has been experiencing difficulties in addressing their poverty issues. The main reason is due to the severely dry climate in the savannah region which covers over half the northern part of the country. Northern Ghana has very difficult weather conditions, making economic advancement nearly impossible to solve. Food availability in the north has been a continuous problem Ghana has yet to solve. Until Ghana can find a solution, it’s poverty rates in the north will stay stable. Northern conditions are so severe that the poverty rate can be found to be up to 3 times the national average. Ghana is also lacking in technological advancement. Ghana does not have access to the highly-efficient technologies most first world countries do. This makes production, processing, storage and transportation of goods a much more difficult task to handle. Daily necessities such as drinking water, social services, paved roads and telephone services are hard to come by. Ghana has a lacking infrastructure, and needs to take steps to improve their living conditions[2].



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