Education

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Education is a significant anti-poverty measure. Education can increase income, productivity and health as well as lower inequality for an individual. [1]. For societies it can increase economic competitiveness, and reduce poverty [1]

Contents

U.S. Education

In the United States, generally the more educated an individual is the higher their income is on average [2]. The median household income is $797 a week for all workers over the age of 25[2]. At the top of this scale are those with professional degrees and Doctoral degrees with weekly incomes of $1665, and $1551 respectively [2]. At the lower end of this scale are those with only a high school diploma and no high school diploma with weekly incomes of $638 and $451 respectively[2]. Those with bachelors degrees have a median weekly income of $1053 and those with an associates degree are the closest to the overall median with an income of $768[2]. In addition the degree of education relates directly to the unemployment rate as well [3]. In 2011 the employment rate for those with bachelors degrees or higher was a relatively small 4.3 percent as opposed to the 9.4 percent for high school graduates[3]. The unemployment rate was even greater for those without a high school diploma at 14.1 percent[3].

Total Number of School Districts -- 14,881

Total Number of Public Schools -- 85,393

Total Number of Private and Catholic Schools -- 34,438

Total Public School Enrollment -- 45,037,000

Total Public School Teachers -- 2,595,000

Public School Student-Teacher Ratio -- 17:1

Private School Student-Teacher Ratio -- 15:1 [4]

Mexico's Education

Mexico's educational system is found to be greatly segregated based on social class. Children who are born into wealthy families end up attending private schools, and have more than enough funding for books and other educational materials. On the other hand, children born into poor families dont attend any private schools, as they aren't able to afford it, and instead attend schools with less money to spend on education. The differences between them create disparate educational levels, and gaps between each of the two social classes. (4)

Number of students - 32million

only 62 percent reach secondary school

Around 45 percent of Mexicans finish secondary school

Mexicans read less than three books a year on average

Mexico spends about 5 percent of gross domestic product on education

Mexican 15-year-olds came 46th in reading, 49th in mathematics and 51st in science in the OECD tests. [5]

(edit) Education is essential to success. However, the reality with education is that although a person may be educated and just as smart as his or her counter-parts as it relates to the United States of America, the notion of inequality is very real and debilitating all together.Though it cost-efficient to invest in higher education as $1600+ is much better than $600+ the reality is that although these figures are straight-forward whether these numbers apply to the minority population is far from straight-forward. References:"Affirmative Action: Twenty-five Years of Controversy." Santa Clara University. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.scu.edu/ethics/publications/iie/v5n2/affirmative.html>

Education in China

China's education system has been broken up over time due to government changes. Before 1949 80% of China's population was illiterate. Enrollment rate was below 20% for elementary school and about 6% of junior secondary school. By 2008, adult illiteracy rate in China dropped to only 3.58%. Elementary school and junior secondary school enrollment jumped to 99.5% and 98.5% respectively.

China’s literacy rate: (age 15+ who can read and write) total population: 91.6% male: 95.7% female: 87.6%

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): male: 11 years female: 12 years (2009)

Education expenditures: 1.9% of GDP Global rank: #172 [6]

World Education

References

4 - Education in Mexico. Retrieved April 24, 2012 from http://www.tulane.edu/~rouxbee/kids00/mexico3.html

  1. 1.0 1.1 http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTEDUCATION/0,,contentMDK:20591648~menuPK:1463858~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:282386,00.html . "Education and Development." The World Bank. N.p., 2012. Web.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 http://www.bls.gov/emp/ep_chart_001.htm . "Employment Projections:Education Pays." Bureau of Labor Statistics. N.p., 2012. Web.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat07.htm
  4. "Facts On Education in the United States." Village Life Company: Multimedia Information Since 1996. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.villagelife.org/news/archives/CS_publicschools/edufacts.html>.
  5. "Facts On Education in the United States." Village Life Company: Multimedia Information Since 1996. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.villagelife.org/news/archives/CS_publicschools/edufacts.html>.
  6. "Facts about China: EDUCATION." EDUCATION IN CHINA. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.china-mike.com/facts-about-china/facts-chinese-education/>.
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